This Kelp-derived Nutrient & Hydration support for your skin and scalp is somewhat a miracle product of nature! It bosts so many benefits to the skin and also works as an amazing matt finish moisturiser! This Kelp Bioferment is rich in fucoidan, carrageenan and algin, it also provides minerals like iodine, copper, molybdate, magnesium, and others required as cofactors in enzymatic reactions of lipid metabolism and energy conversion. BENEFITS Chlorophyll-helps detoxify Essential fatty acids-improve skin elasticity Carbohydrates-stimulate the skin’s ability to heal Vitamin A-an antioxidant, normalizes skin cells Protein/amino acids-building blocks of cells, skin conditioners The Bioferment is made using Laminaria as substrate for fermentation. Laminaria grows off reef and along the Thanet coast about a mile out to sea. We enrich the bioferment with extra fucoxanthin and fucoidans, also extracted from Laminaria. Fucoxanthin is a pigment present in Phaeophyta (brown algae) that may protect skin from photo-aging caused by UV. Fucoidans are sulfated polysaccharides with structures that depend on the plant source and growing conditions. Applied to the skin, fucoidan will increase the density of collagen bundles, decrease activity of proteases (enzymes that break down dermal proteins), increase scavenging of free radicals, and increase cell proliferation. These effects would be mediated through increased expression of ß1-integrin and may also help with wound healing and act as a anti inflammatory.